The Republic of Serbia in the past two decades faced a stormy and turbulent migration flows. Arrival of refugees from the former Yugoslavia and internally displaced persons from AP Kosovo and Metohija and the departure of a large number of citizens who emigrated to the countries of Western Europe and North America are the trends of the nineties. In past few years, Serbia has also faced asylum seekers from countries in Asia and Africa, illegal migrants and returnees under the Readmission Agreement. All these years continues the trend of depopulation of rural areas. As a result of these migration flows, a variety of ministries are in charge of the different categories of migrants which is defined by numerous of sector strategies. Sector strategies, directly related to the groups of migrants and migration management system, are: The Strategy for Combating Illegal Migration in the Republic of Serbia for the period 2009-2014. ("Official Gazette of RS", No. 25/2009); The Strategy of Reintegration of the Returnees Based on the Readmission Agreement ("RS Official Gazette", No. 15/2009); Strategy for Integrated Border Management in the Republic of Serbia ("RS Official Gazette", No. 11/2006); Strategy for Combating Human Trafficking in the Republic of Serbia ("RS Official Gazette", No. 111/2006); Sustainable return and subsidence Strategy ("RS Official Gazette", No. 32/2010).
A lack of coordination among institutions has been noticed in migration management system, and since it was necessary to intensify the harmonization of national migration policies with EU regulations and policies, it was decided to develop an umbrella strategy to integrate policies and improve existing framework for migration management. Migration Management Strategy ("RS Official Gazette", No. 59/09), adopted on 23rd of July 2009., foresees establishment and implementation of mechanisms for comprehensive and continuous monitoring of migration flows in the Republic of Serbia, the completion of the strategic, legal and institutional framework for joint migration management and creation of conditions for integration and social inclusion of migrants. Migration management must be in accordance with the European Union association policy, as well as with specific demographic trends and long-term development needs of the Republic of Serbia.